Conjugating verbs: Present Tense

There are likely going to be many posts about verbs. However, to start with here’s how to conjugate the regular form of the present tense.

De man springt op de trampoline.
De man springt op de trampoline.

Using the verb “to jump” (springen) as an example:

First take the “en” ending off the verb to get the stem. So in this example, “springen” becomes “spring”. Then use the following table to conjugate it into the form needed depending on the subject (I, you, he, she, we, they, etc.) of the sentence.

Subject Example Ending Translation & Notes
ik spring I jump
jij springt t You (informal singular) jump
u springt t You (formal singular) jump
hij springt t He jumps
zij springt t She jumps
het springt t It jumps
wij springen en We jump
jullie springen en You (informal plural) jump
u springen en You (formal plural) jump
zij springen en They jump

There are some spelling rules that come in to play in certain cases, but that will be covered later. The above is the basics of conjugating a regular verb in the present tense.

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Introducing Personal Subject Pronouns

The subject pronoun is the word you use to describe who is performing the action in a sentence.

Number Person Stressed Unstressed Translation & notes
Singular First ik ‘k I
Second jij je you (informal)
u you (formal)
Third hij ie he
zij ze she
het ‘t it
Plural First wij we we
Second jullie you (informal)
u you (formal)
Third zij ze they

So, when to use each?

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Going by the Duolingo app they seem to be interchangeable. However, it seems it is much more common to use the unstressed versions in speech than in writing.